Parkinson’s disease is a gradual degeneration of nerve cells in the central brain that regulates body movement. Symptoms that many people know of this disease is the occurrence of tremors or tremors. While the initial symptoms are usually difficult to recognize.
Two examples of early symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are:
- Feel weak or feel more stiff on some body.
- Shaking fine on one hand while resting.
After the initial symptoms, then there will be other symptoms that may be experienced by patients, such as:
- Tremor is getting worse and spreading.
- Muscles feel stiff and inflexible.
- The movement is slow.
- Reduced balance and body coordination.
Patients with Parkinson’s disease may also experience other physical symptoms (eg constipation, sleeplessness or insomnia, loss of sense of smell or anosmia, and memory problems) and psychological symptoms (eg anxiety and depression).
Patients with Parkinson’s disease
Until now, it is estimated there are more than 10 million people in the world who suffer from Parkinson’s disease. Everyone can get this disease, but most are among the elderly and more likely to happen to men.
Usually symptoms of Parkinson’s disease begin to feel when the sufferer entering the age of 50 years. But there are about 5 percent of people who experience symptoms at the age of 40 years.
Causes of Parkinson’s Disease
Parkinson’s disease affects a small part of the midbrain called susbstantia nigra. The function of substantia nigra is to send messages to the various nerves in the spine that function to control the muscles in the body. Messages will be sent from brain cells to nerves and muscles by utilizing chemical compounds called neurotransmitters. One of the major neurotransmitters produced by brain cells in substantia nigra is dopamine.
The movement setting of the body is strongly influenced by dopamine. When the amount of dopamine decreases will cause brain activity will be disrupted. This is what causes the emergence of signs and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.
The cause of decreased dopamine is still unknown. But there are several factors that can trigger this, such as heredity and environmental factors.
Treatment of Parkinson’s Disease
To date, Parkinson’s disease does not yet have a cure. Treatment and handling are available only to relieve the symptoms experienced. Treatment is done to maintain the quality of life of the patient in order to move as normal as possible.
The available treatment steps are physiotherapy, medication, and surgery if necessary. Parkinson’s disease in the early stages, the symptoms tend to be mild and do not need special treatment. But in order to know the progress of the condition, a routine check will be done.
Now the development of Parkinson’s disease treatment is quite advanced. Patients with this condition can live as much as possible by undergoing advances in existing treatment and treatment techniques.
Along with the development of this disease, Parkinson’s patients will need the help of others in performing daily routine. There are some that are greatly aided by the treatment but there are also some who feel the limited effects of treatment.