Some types of skin infections, especially those caused by viruses, can usually be treated at home without the need for a doctor. Unlike viruses, bacterial skin infections usually have to be treated with antibiotics. If still relatively mild, antibiotics in the form of cream or ointment you can apply directly to the infected skin. However, if the severity of the infection is high enough, the doctor will usually prescribe a drinking antibiotic or if necessary give you an antibiotic injection. Similarly with skin infections by the fungus, your doctor can give you a topical anti-fungal, drinking, or inject-able drug.
To help reduce inflammation and itching, you can compress infected skin with cold water or take an over-the-counter antihistamine drug in a pharmacy.
Treatment of Smallpox
Because smallpox is caused by viruses, treatment by doctors is generally not necessary except in patients with certain conditions, such as newborns, pregnant women, and patients with low immune systems. For all three cases, doctors will usually prescribe acyclovir.
Do not scratch smallpox even though itchy because it can leave a scar after heal or dry. If smallpox causes fever symptoms, the consumption of over-the-counter painkillers, such as ibuprofen and paracetamol. Although sold freely, it is important to read and adhere to the usage instructions contained on the packaging to avoid unwanted side effects.
Herpes Zoster Treatment
Antiviral drugs such as aciclovir, famciclovir, and valaciclovir may be prescribed to speed healing, reduce severity, and prevent complications. In addition, you can also take painkillers, such as paracetamol, to relieve symptoms of pain.
During the healing period of herpes zoster, you are advised to keep the rash dry and clean. In addition, it is prohibited to close the rash with a bandage because it can slow the healing period.
Treatment of Ulcers, Impetigo, Cellulitis, and Leprosy
Because these five conditions occur due to bacterial infection, the main treatment is to use antibiotics. In addition, painkillers, such as paracetamol, can be used to relieve pain.
For severe cases of ulcers, your doctor may give you a penicillin, clarithromycin, or antibiotic. In addition, treatment with small surgery to remove the pus inside the boils can be done if needed.
For the case of impetigo, topical antibiotics are usually given if the severity of the disease is still relatively mild. If it is severe enough, then the doctor will usually give antibiotics to drink.
For the case of cellulitis, doctors usually prescribe antibiotics of the penicillin group. But if you are allergic to penicillin, then the doctor can replace it with clarithromycin or erythromycin. If the severity of your cellulitis is severe enough, for example to experience symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and fever, it is likely to require hospitalization. Symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and fever may be a sign that cellulitis infections have spread to the bloodstream.
In cases of leprosy, antibiotics diaminodifenyl sulphon, rifampicin, and clofazimine are usually used as initial therapy, usually for a period of over half a year. To prevent nerve damage or other damage, doctors also usually prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs.
Treatment of Ringworm, Candidiasis, Athlete Foot Disease, Sporotrikokis, and Nail Fungus
Because these five conditions are skin infections caused by fungi, the main treatment is to use antifungal drugs. Anti-fungal drugs are available in tablet form (eg griseofulvin and terbinafine), creams, sprays, or shampoo (eg ketoconazole and selenium sulphide).
It is important to evaluate the advice of a physician or the instructions contained in the drug product packaging regarding the use and dosage procedures for the treatment of fungal infections can be safer and more effective.