A brief understanding of music therapy is by therapy (healing) by using music. Music therapy used for the purpose of human health. Types of therapy for recovery, healing, mitigation, and accountability for mental-psychological health.
Music therapy can be done by listening to music or playing music. For example, when a person has difficulty concentrating, he can undergo music therapy activities to return back nerves in the brain can re-concentrate. For example again, a person feels lost spirit because the problem is being encountered. Through music therapy he will be able to re-spirit as usual.
There has been much research open to the body and soul music. Currently, in some hospitals, both within and outside the country, music therapy is needed to help cancer patients, children with ADD, and others. In fact, many hospitals are beginning to use music therapy for physical-psychological pain, such as relieve pain, counteract depression, calm the patient, relax muscles tense muscles, and much more.
In accordance with the formulation of the American Music Therapy Association (1997), music therapy is specifically referred to as the profession in the field of health. Music therapy is a profession in the field of health that uses music and music activities to overcome various problems in terms of physical, psychological, cognitive and social needs of individuals with physical disabilities (AMTA, 1997). Music therapy has become one of the complement to the treatment of mental disorders such as schizophrenia, violent behavior, natural disruption of feelings such as mania and depression, emotional disturbance, stress and anxiety (MacKay, 2002).
Directly, music therapy works through sound waves to the brain, and affects the nervous system in the brain. Research shows, that music with a strong beat can create brain waves to bring a sharper concentration of thought, while music with a slower pace is suitable for meditation and increases the concentration of spirituality.
In principle, music is the voice that comes out of the human soul. Music can express emotions or passions whose intensity and levels are much higher than words. That is why, music has “invisible” powers (intangible power).
This (according to Frohnmayer in Kirkland, 1998), cannot be negotiable. With music, teens can sing, dance, and write poetry while listening to music. Music that is in the soul (Satiadarma, 2001). Elements in music, the content of rhythm, rhythm, tone, melody, timbre, tempo, tone, and dynamics as material for music therapy.
Music therapy does not encourage patients to be passive, otherwise; each patient must be active, even though the necessary movements. Djohan, in the book “Music Psychology” (2003) writes with the help of musical instruments, which are experiencing health problems as well as to interact, improvise, listen, and actively play music.
Any music therapy will also have different meanings for different people. Benenzon (1997) argues that the appropriateness of music therapy will be largely determined by individual, philosophy, education, clinical setting, and cultural background. But all music therapy has the same goal, that is to help express feelings, help the health, give a positive effect on the condition of moods and emotions, remind memory, and provides a unique opportunity to interact and build emotional closeness.
Music therapy is also useful for providing comfort, relieving stress, anxiety and anxiety, releasing the emotional stresses that occur, increasing self-control and client’s sense of worth. This goal can be achieved through various activities that can be done in music therapy, such as singing, playing music, listening to music, watching music videos, writing songs or music arrangements, and discussing music (Lindberg, 1997).
Not only that, music therapy helps people who have emotional problems in expending their feelings, making positive changes with mood, helping to solve problems, and fixing conflicts. Just like the opinion of the experts above, according to Djohan (2003), the methods used in music therapy include singing, playing music, rhythmic movements and musical prayers accordingly.
It is not surprising that the benefits of music are so much for human life.